SPANISH PERSONAL OBJECT PRONOUNS: DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECT

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "OBJETO DIRECTO" AND "OBJETO INDIRECTO"


Yo doy un regalo a María.  ( I give María a present)

              O.D            O.I

Normally, the direct object answers to the question "what" and the indirect to "who / whom" , but not always. The best way to recognize them, in my opinion. is to ask yourself what is more directly related to the verb, what is more important for "give". the thing you give or to whom you give it?  The thing, isn´t it? That is the "objeto directo , complemento directo: direct object".

PRONOMBRES PERSONALES

DE OBJETO DIRECTO

ME                        Ella me escucha

                              She listens to  me 

TE                        Ella te eschucha
                               She listens to
you

LO/LE                  Ella lo besa/ le besa      LOS/LES             She kisses him

(for men)              Ella los besa/ les besa

                               She kisses them

LO/LOS               Ella lo sabe
(for masuline          She knows it

things or ideas)      Ella los lava

                               She washes them

LA/LAS               Él la besa

( for women        He kisses her

 or feminine        Ella la come ( la pizza)

 things)                 She eats it ( the pizza)

OS                        Él os besa 

                               He kisses you ( more

                               than one person)

PRONOMBRES PERSONALES

DE OBJETO INDIRECTO

ME                   Ella me da un regalo

                          She gives me a present

TE                    Ella te da un regalo

                           She gives you a present

SE/ LE/LES     Ella le da un regalo

                           She gives him/her a present

                           Ella les da un regalo
                           She gives
them a present

NOTE: "SE" is only used instead of "le/ les"  when we use both pronouns: indirect and direct object . Example:

 

Ella compra un regalo a Pedro.

                                OD                      O.I

 

(Ella) se lo compra ( se: a Pedro; lo: el reagalo) 

THESE PRONOUNS USUSALLY GO BEFORE THE VERB ( FIRST  "EL OBJETO O COMPLEMENTO INDIRECTO" FOLLOWED BY "EL OBJETO O COMPLEMENTO DIRECTO")

EXCEPTIONS: THEY GO AFTER "IMPERATIVO", AND BEFORE OR AFTER "PRESENTE CONTINUO" AND  "INFINITIVO".  EXAMPLES:

María (le )da un beso al niño  ( we usually use both the pronoun and the objeto directo):
María le da un beso / María se lo da.

Juan dijo una mentira a sus padres: se la dijo 

Estoy escuchando la radio: la estoy

escuchando / estoy escuchándola.


Remember!  "Se" is only used when we use both pronouns and refers to the indirect object ( usually the person), though sometimes it is a reflexive pronoun and not the indirect object.

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